The Institute was established by Soviet Government for
Kapitza in 1934.
Shortly thereafter, Kapitza discovered superfluidity of helium and
Landau clarify the quantum nature of this a mysterious phenomenon
and developed a theory of quantum liquids. For this work Kapitza and
Landau was awarded the Nobel Prize (respectively 1978 and 1962).
Two other works carried out at the Institute, the Gizburg-Landau theory of superconductivity
and Abrikosov theory of second order superconductors have been recognized by the Nobel Committee (Abrikosov
and Ginsburg, 2003).
The key experimental and theoretical works were carried out at the Institute
in the fields of:
Superfluidity - Kapitza jump, second sound, viscosity, spin current in 3He;
Superconductivity -- intermediate state, thermal conductivity, andreev scaterring;
Metals - Fermi surfaces, surface levels in a magnetic field, interference of electrons;
Quantum crystals - quantum diffusion, crystallization wave, faceting;
Magnetism - magnetic symmetry, weak ferromagnetism, magneto-electric effect, antiferromagnetic resonance,
light scattering by magnons, parametric excitation of spin waves, exchange symmetry,
low temperature paramagnets, spontaneous electric polarization of antiferromagnets.
The Institute has made a significant contribution to the science,
technology and defense capability of the country.
The Landau-Lifshitz Course of Theoretical Physics was wrighten in the Institute.
The Institute has established magazines JETP, JETP Letters, IET.